Author's Perspective: When I was diabetic, I didn't realize that Type 2 diabetes was a global problem, until I started doing some research.
That's when I discovered that the United States wasn't the only country dealing with this disease. However, many of these countries appeared to be more open about alternative treatment remedies than my own country!
Being an engineer, I was attracted to epidemiology, which gave me a great insight into diabetes statistics and demographics across various ethnic groups and countries.
And, I was also attracted to etiology because of its focus on the root causes of diseases. This was fascinating because you could see from a biological perspective that a drug-focused solution didn't make much sense, except from a business perspective.
Diabetes continues to grow at epidemic levels in the United States and around the world according to the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and other health-related organizations.
The world population of diabetes is at least 240 to 300 million, with India, China, and the United States leading the way. The number of people with diabetes is expected to grow to at least 480 to 790 million by the year 2030. Approximately 90-95% of the diabetes population is Type 2 and 5-10% is Type 1.
As depicted in the following diagram, the top 5 countries with the highest population of people with diabetes are:
-- United States
It's not a coincidence that these countries also have high rates of high blood pressure, heart disease, obesity and cancer.
In addition, each year an additional 10-15 million people develop diabetes. And, there are more than 420 million people worldwide with pre-diabetes!
In the U.S., there is at least 60 million people walking around who have no idea that they have Type 2 diabetes! This is one of the main reasons why annual checkups are so important.
Diabetes is prevalent in all races in the U.S., but, ethnic groups have a 50% to 75% higher probability of developing diabetes compared to Caucasians.
Native-Americans, African-Americans ,Hispanic-Americans and Pacific Islanders are the major ethnic groups that are affected the most by diabetes -- physically and financially.
Starting in the second half of the 20th century, the prevalence of non-insulin-dependent (Type 2) diabetes increased substantially in many populations and ethnic groups, and continues to grow despite the fact that more people are aware of the importance of diet and exercise.
Although diabetes is only the seventh leading cause of death in the U.S., at least 27% to 43% of deaths associated with heart disease and stroke are due to the complications of diabetes. Given those numbers, that would easily put diabetes in the top 5 leading cause of death.
Overall, direct health care costs of diabetes range from 2.5% to 15% of annual health care budgets, depending on local diabetes prevalence and the sophistication of the treatment available.
The etiology of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM) identifies many root causes of this disease, as depicted in the following diagrams.
However, the major root causes that appear to fuel most of the diabetes cases include:
- Biochemical/hormonal imbalances
- Insulin resistance
- Excess protein glycation
- Cellular inflammation
- Excess oxidation
- Excess toxicity
- Immune dysfunction
Identifying these root causes is very important, because gaining an understanding of these root causes makes it easier to design a wellness strategy that can be effective against this disease.
For more details about the root causes, how Type 2 diabetes progresses in the body, and how to treat it, refer to the following web pages:
- Root Causes of Type 2 Diabetes
- Pathophysiology of Type 2 Diabetes
- Insulin Resistance, Inflammation, Oxidation & Glycation
- DTD Overall WellnessStrategy
- Anti-inflammation Strategies
- Antioxidation Strategies
For more information about the epidemiology and etiology of Types 2 diabetes, refer to the Sciences of Diabetes ebook. This book is especially helpful to healthcare professionals and others of you who want to understand more about the science behind diabetes and how to reverse it from a scientific perspective.
And, don't forget that by getting the author's Science of Diabetes book, you will be entitled a free online PowerPoint training class.
Disclaimer: This site does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
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