Author Sidebar: First of all, there is no one single "perfect" diet for everyone. In fact, as your health changes, you may need to change your diet even if your  current diet has been working for you.

One of the questions that diabetics usually ask is what is the best diet for lowering blood sugar and losing weight. 

When I was diabetic, I had the exact same question ...

So, during my research, I discovered that there are a lot of diets that can help to lower your blood glucose and lose weight, e.g. LCHF, Keto, Paleo, Mediterranean, Raw, Vegetarian, Intermittent Fasting (IF), Zone, etc.

That's the good news. The bad news was that I couldn't find a comprehensive enough diet that would lower my blood glucose and address my other health problems with my legs (DVT, ulcers), feet (sores), kidneys, pancreas, and eyes (blurry vision).

I realized that I needed a diet that went beyond the aforementioned diets to address Type 2 diabetes at the cellular level.

Keto, LCHF, Paleo & DTD Diets

There are a lot of similarities between the Keto, LCHF, Paleo, and DTD diets. This is particularly true when you compare them to the modern “standard American diet” (SAD).

In fact, these diets have become very popular because more and more people are overweight and/or diabetic; and, they want to avoid having to go on prescription medications.

Studies show that 37 percent of the average American’s diet comes from nonessential and extra calories from breads, cereals, processed foods, fast foods, sweets, conventional animal meat, and beverages.

However, despite their many similarities, all low-carb diets are not created equal, and there are a few key differences between these diets, some of which are highlighted below.

Death to Diabetes (DTD) Diet

The DTD Diet is a very diverse diet that includes attributes from the following diets: Mediterranean Diet, Paleo Diet, Zone Diet, South Beach Diet, Raw Food Diet, Low Carb-High Fat (LCHF) Diet, Keto Diet, Detox Diet, and Vegetarian Diet.

This diet is specifically designed to go beyond just lowering your blood glucose and losing weight to address health issues and vitamin/mineral deficiencies associated with Type 2 diabetes.

This diet is designed to address the specific root causes of Type 2 diabetes along with addressing the specific health issues and diabetic complications associated with Type 2 diabetes, e.g. retinopathy, neuropathy, nephropathy, DVT, skin ulcers/bruises, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, chronic inflammation, vitamin/mineral  deficiency, thyroid dysfunction,etc.

Unlike other diets, this diet focuses on the quality of foods and not the caloric intake of carbs, proteins and fats. The author of this diet refers to these quality foods as "super" foods because these foods (green vegetables, wild-caught salmon, plant oils, etc.) contain critical micronutrients that a diabetic requires to fight their diabetes.

The amount of carbohydrates, proteins and fats are initially set at about 40% carbs (green vegetables), 30% proteins (fish/grass-fed meat, beans) and 30% fats (plant oils). However, based on blood glucose testing, these percentages will be modified and rebalanced, based on your specific health issues.

The DTD Diet consists of 3 levels of severity, which are based on your specific health issues and blood glucose levels.

In fact, as depicted in the diagram below (with your doctor's approval), you can (temporarily) adjust the percentages to align with the Keto, LCHF or Paleo diet.

However, please  keep in mind that the ultimate objective of this diet is to do more than lower your blood glucose and lose weight -- it's to change your body's biochemistry from a diabetic state to a non-diabetic state so that you are able to eventually achieve complete reversal of your diabetes.

Foods to Eat on the DTD Diet:

  • Beans and Legumes
  • Some Grass-fed Dairy
  • Grass-fed Eggs
  • Fish & Seafood
  • Some Fruits (Low GI)
  • Grass-fed Animal Meat
  • Nuts & Seeds
  • Green Vegetables (Low GI)
  • Other Vegetables (Low GI)
  • Raw Green Juices
  • Green Smoothies
  • Plant Oils

Foods to Avoid:

  • Cereals
  • Some Dairy
  • Flour
  • Fruits (High GI)
  • Grains
  • Starches
  • Sugary foods and beverages
  • Sugar-Free Foods
  • Trans-fat
  • Vegetable Oils
  • Alcohol
  • Other Recreational Drugs
  • Prescription Drugs
  • Tobacco
wild salmon dinner
DTD Super Meals

Note 1: These macronutrient percentages are averages that should only be used as a guideline! Make the necessary modifications, based on your blood glucose readings and other factors.

As depicted in the following diagram, some of our clients transitioned to an LCHF-like diet, based on their blood glucose testing and other factors. But, they continued to follow the DTD Wellness Program because the LCHF diet does not address many of the diabetes-related health issues and complications. 

In addition, by starting with the DTD Diet, it was a lot easier to transition to eating less carbs, less protein and more healthy fats.


And, if necessary, as depicted in the following diagram,you can transition to a DTD Keto-like diet, if you are severely obese and need to lose weight a lot faster.

However, we strongly recommend that this is done under proper medical supervision. In addition, you must increase your blood glucose testing as well as testing for ketones.


Note 2: For more details about the DTD Diet, refer to the DTD Diet, DTD Meal Plate, Super Foods, Dead Foods and DTD Wellness Program (3 Levels) web pages.

Author's Backstory: Why I Created the DTD Diet

Given that I needed a more comprehensive diet to help me with my diabetes and other health issues, I researched more than 40-some diets with no success; plus, there was a lot of contradictory information about most of these diets.

So, I decided to go back to the basics of nutritional science and cell biology. Using medical and nutritional sciences as my base, I decided to use cell biology, disease pathology, nutritional science, clinical studies, reverse engineering, and my experience with other diabetics to design my own diet -- which later became the Death to Diabetes (DTD) Diet/Nutritional Program.

I specifically designed my DTD Nutritional Program to address the root causes and biological processes that fuel Type 2 diabetes, e.g. insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, hypertriglyceridemia, cell inflammation, excess oxidation, RBC glycation, excess toxicity, immune system dysfunction, skin ulcers/bruises, etc. 

Then, I designed my nutritional protocols to be customizable, based on blood glucose readings, inflammation markers, blood pressure,  cholesterol, and other readings. I also included attributes from several other diets so that diabetics could adjust the percentages and proportions of the macronutrients to meet their specific health needs.

I also designed my nutritional program as part of an overall 10-step wellness program because there are other factors that influence one's ability to control, manage and reverse their diabetes.

In addition, I designed my program with 3 levels of severity because every diabetic has a different level of health problems that require a flexible and customized approach to dealing with their diabetes and other health problems, e.g. retinopathy, neuropathy, nephropathy, heart disease, etc.

During my research I also discovered that most diabetes programs failed to address how diabetes affects the immune system, which impacts your body's cell repair and healing processes. 

Additionally, this diet operates under the important theory that everyone has a different body chemistry and composition that responds differently to various foods; and, therefore, has different needs for optimal daily function. That is, there is no such thing as a one-size-fits-all diet that will work for most diabetics or even non-diabetics.

Now, I must admit that I wasn't certain that my diet would work, but, after I was able to wean off the insulin, Coumadin, Lipitor and other drugs, I was really happy. But, my endocrinologist, who was not happy, told me that my diabetes would return and that I would be back on insulin within 3 months ... then, it was 6 months ... then, 9 months ... then, 12 months ... after about 14 months, I began thinking that maybe my doctors were wrong ... :-)

As depicted in the following diagram, the DTD Wellness Program along with the nutritional program were was designed to take a diabetic from a diabetic state (Stage 1) to a reversed state without drugs (Stage 4) to a non-diabetic state and complete reversal (Stage 6).

DTD Stages

Except for the DTD Program, there are no other diabetes programs that we are aware of that can take a person with Type 2 diabetes from a diabetic state (Stage 1) to a reversed state without drugs (Stage 4) to a non-diabetic state and complete reversal (Stage 6).

Note: Of course, there are diabetes books and programs out there that claim that they can reverse your diabetes, but, if you pay attention, you'll notice that they don't really explain how they plan to transform your body's biochemistry state from a diabetic state to a non-diabetic state. And, if you call and talk to them, you'll find out that they know a lot less than you thought!

Now, don't get me wrong -- some diabetes programs and diets can help diabetics reverse their diabetes where they are able to manage and control their diabetes without the need for diabetic drugs -- this is Stage 4 of our program. But, these programs are unable to go beyond Stage 4 to enable cell repair and achieve a complete reversal in Stages 5 and 6.

Note: For more details about how the DTD Diet enables cell repair and healing, refer to the Cell Repair & Healing and the Science of Diabetes & Nutrition web pages. And, for more details about how the DTD program reverses your diabetes and reach Stage 6, refer to the DTD Wellness Program web page.

The Keto Diet

The Keto diet is primarily a low carbohydrate diet that encourages high-fat consumption. While implementing this diet, you will be encouraged to reduce your carbohydrate intake to the minimum and will primarily be replacing it with fat intake.

The goal of the diet is to put your body into a state of ketosis, a metabolic state where the body learns to rely on fat as its primary energy source rather than carbohydrates. Thus, the body becomes efficient at burning fat while in this state, which can help boost overall metabolism.

However, because it is rather restrictive, it can be difficult to follow it over a long period of time. Also, individuals who suffer from conditions like diabetes and kidney disease need to be very careful implementing this type of diet due to the encouraged high fat intake.

Foods to Eat on the Keto Diet:

  • Dairy
  • Eggs
  • Fish
  • Meat protein
  • Nuts and Seeds
  • Vegetables (Low GI)
  • Plant Oils

Foods to Avoid:

  • Beans and Legumes
  • Fruit
  • Grains
  • Low-Fat foods
  • Starches
  • Sugary foods and beverages
  • Sugar-Free Foods
  • Trans-fat
  • Vegetable Oils
Keto Diet
Keto Diet

Safety Concerns and Side Effects

The Mayo Clinic advises caution: "It's not clear what kind of possible long-term health risks a very low-carb or keto diet may pose because most research studies have lasted less than a year."

How long people stay on a diet can matter much more than the type, since keeping weight off can be harder than losing it. That's one reason extreme diets, like some versions of the ketogenic diet, don't work for many people.

“Once your body enters ketosis, you may begin to lose muscle, become extremely fatigued, and eventually enter starvation mode. Then it actually becomes even harder to lose weight.” [Healthline]

Your liver is exposed to extra stress as it is forced to assist with manufacturing glucose from fats and proteins, potentially toxic amounts of ammonia are produced as proteins are converted into glucose, your body has a more difficult time producing mucus and the immune system becomes impaired as risk of pathogenic infection increases, and your body loses the ability to produce compounds called glycoproteins, which are vital to cellular functions.

When followed properly, ketogenic diets have been shown to be safe and effective for weight loss and may provide other health benefits including better blood sugar control, a decrease in inflammation and improved triglyceride and HDL counts. However, in order to achieve ketosis, one must consider this a long-term lifestyle change and follow a very specific eating plan to maintain weight loss over time. As always, consult your doctor or a registered dietitian before making any major dietary changes.

A 2003 article published in the "Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition" notes that low-carbohydrate diets may increase your risk for kidney damage, osteoporosis, abnormal heartbeat, lipid abnormalities and even sudden death. If your ketogenic diet is high in protein, it could also increase your risk for diabetes, cancer and overall premature mortality if you're middle-aged, but not if you're over 65, according to a March 2014 study published in "Cell Metabolism."

If you’re on the ketogenic diet, be sure to test blood sugar levels throughout the day to make sure they are within their target range. Also, consider testing ketone levels to make sure you’re not at risk for DKA. The American Diabetes Association recommends testing for ketones if your blood sugar is higher than 240 mg/dl. You can test at home with urine strips.

As the list of health conditions that may be at least partially alleviated by ketogenic diets increase (and which currently includes epilepsy, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Autism, traumatic brain injury, bipolar disease, PCOS, cancer, obesity, and diabetes), so too does a body of literature pointing to common side effects and potential adverse reactions.

Adverse reactions to a ketogenic diet have been reported in the scientific literature. Yes, even including well-designed clinical trials performed and published very recently. In fact, the intolerability of side effects and adverse reactions is the primary reason for trial participants to drop out of clinical trials (other reasons for trial drop-outs include ineffectiveness of the diet, and that the diet is too hard to follow).

Other diets do not trigger the same biochemical pathways that are activated by a ketogenic state. And while certainly other diets (Paleo, or the autoimmune protocol being good examples) stake therapeutic claims, the mechanisms of action are purely through micronutrient saturation and avoidance of foods known to be inflammatory.

The ketogenic diet is different in that it was designed to emulate starvation, taking advantage of the biochemical benefits of starvation for certain body systems (mainly neurological, but this is also why weight loss is a common result of a ketogenic diet) while tolerating the detriments to other body systems (such as endocrine and immune systems). (These are even different mechanisms that a standard low-carb diet.)

In this regard, the ketogenic diet more closely resembles a drug than a diet (in fact, many of the same pathways activated by a ketogenic diet are manipulated by anticonvulsant drugs), which should not be a deterrent in itself, but rather a caution to read the fine print and talk to your doctor before embarking on this course—especially if going “off-label” and using a ketogenic diet for purposes that have not yet been well studied.

And this is why a thorough understanding of both the pros and cons of a ketogenic diet are necessary in order for every individual to make the best decision for themselves.

The LCHF Diet

The LCHF Diet, also known as the low-carb, high-fat diet, is another low carbohydrate diet that closely relates to the Keto diet in particular. This specific diet encourages individuals to consume foods that are low in carbohydrates and high in fat.

Additionally, it encourages individuals to consume whole foods and discourages from eating processed foods. Along with this, grains and starchy foods are discouraged on this diet.

However, you are not necessarily limited to a specific carbohydrate intake as it can be effectively personalized to meet individual needs.

This particular diet is similar in its design to the Keto diet. Because it’s adaptable and doesn’t require you to enter a state of ketosis, you’re not going to have to reduce carbohydrate intake to only 5 percent of your total caloric intake for LCHF, making it significantly less restrictive.

Because of this, LCHF tends to be a more sustainable lifestyle change rather than a short-term designed diet designed for faster changes.

Foods to Eat on the LCHF Diet:

  • Dairy
  • Eggs
  • Fish
  • Meat protein
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Vegetables (Low GI)
  • Plant Oils

Foods to Avoid:

  • Beans and Legumes
  • Fruit
  • Grains
  • Low-Fat foods
  • Starches
  • Sugary foods and beverages
  • Sugar-Free Foods
  • Trans-fat
  • Vegetable Oils

There are 3 levels of the LCHF Diet:

  • Very Low LCHF: <10% Carbs
  • Medium LCHF: 10 to 20% Carbs
  • High Level LCHF: 20 to 30% Carbs

Note: These macronutrient percentages are averages that should only be used as a guideline! Make the necessary modifications, based on your blood glucose readings and other factors.

The Paleo Diet

The Paleo diet is a dietary plan based on foods similar to what might have been eaten during the Paleolithic era, which dates from approximately 2.5 million to 10,000 years ago. 

Other names for a paleo diet include Paleolithic diet, Stone Age diet, hunter-gatherer diet and caveman diet.

The Paleo diet typically includes lean meats, fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds — foods that in the past could be obtained by hunting and gathering.

The Paleo diet limits foods that became common when farming emerged about 10,000 years ago. These foods include dairy products, legumes and grains.

Unlike other diet plans, the Paleo diet doesn't really focus on carb, protein,  or fat percentages. Instead, you are expected to choose foods based on their quality and levels of processing, rather than calories or macronutrients.

However, according to several nutritionists, a true Paleo diet that's similar to the way cavemen and women would have eaten contains around 20 to30 percent of the total caloric intake as carbohydrates.

If you're looking to lose weight, eat between 50 and 100 grams of carbs daily. If you're looking to maintain weight or lose weight gradually, you should eat between 100 and 150 grams of carbs daily.

Along with this, a paleo diet brings a complete lifestyle change that includes being more active and consuming whole foods. Processed foods are prohibited entirely on this diet.

Food to Eat on the Paleo Diet:

  • Fruits
  • Eggs (Grass-fed)
  • Animal Meat (Grass-fed)
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Seafood and Fish
  • Vegetables
  • Plant Oils
  • Alcohol

Foods to Avoid:

  • Dairy
  • Processed Foods
  • Sugary foods and beverages
  • Trans-fat
  • Vegetable Oils

Paleo Diet
Paleo Diet

Note: These macronutrient percentages are averages that should only be used as a guideline! Make the necessary modifications, based on your blood glucose readings and other factors.

The Autoimmune Protocol (AIP) Diet

The Autoimmune Protocol (AIP) Diet is a much stricter version of the Paleo diet (which is based on meat, fish, vegetables, nuts and seeds).

The AIP diet (which is also known as the paleo autoimmune protocol) is for people with an autoimmune disease that may be caused by a "leaky gut", which is medically referred to as altered intestinal permeability.

When small holes develop in the gut, this causes food molecules to leak into the body. This causes the immune system to overreact and start attacking bodily tissues by mistake.

By eating nutrient-rich foods and avoiding inflammatory ones, the AIP diet is designed to help repair and heal any holes in the gut.

The AIP diet is very restrictive, so there’s a long list of foods you can’t eat. These include some of same foods you’d avoid if you were following the Paleo diet.

Foods to Eat on the AIP diet:

  • Bone Broth
  • Fruits
  • Fermented foods
  • Meat Protein
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Oils: olive, avocado, coconut
  • Seafood and Fish
  • Vegetables

Foods to Avoid:

  • Dairy
  • Grains
  • Legumes (beans, soy, peanuts)
  • Processed Foods
  • Sugary foods and beverages
  • Trans-fat
  • Vegetable/canola oils

The AIP diet also restricts the following foods, which aren’t always banned in the Paleo diet:

  • Artificial sweeteners
  • Eggs
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Nightshade vegetables 
  • NSAIDs
aip diet
AIP Diet Breakfast

Note: For more details, refer to the Autoimmune Nutritional Program web page.

The Intermittent Fasting (IF) Diet

Intermittent fasting (IF) is an eating pattern that cycles between periods of fasting and eating. It’s currently very popular in the health and fitness community.

It doesn’t specify which foods you should eat but rather when you should eat them. In this respect, it’s not a diet in the conventional sense but more accurately described as an eating pattern.

Common intermittent fasting methods involve daily 16-hour fasts or fasting for 24 hours, twice per week.

Intermittent Fasting Methods
There are several different ways of doing intermittent fasting — all of which involve splitting the day or week into eating and fasting periods.

During the fasting periods, you eat either very little or nothing at all.

The most popular methods include:

The 16/8 method: Also called the Leangains protocol, it involves skipping breakfast and restricting your daily eating period to 8 hours, such as 1–9 p.m. Then you fast for 16 hours in between.

Eat-Stop-Eat: This involves fasting for 24 hours, once or twice a week, for example by not eating from dinner one day until dinner the next day.

The 5:2 diet: With this methods, you consume only 500–600 calories on two non-consecutive days of the week, but eat normally the other 5 days.

By reducing your calorie intake, all of these methods should cause weight loss as long as you don't compensate by eating much more during the eating periods.

Many people find the 16/8 method to be the simplest, most sustainable and easiest to stick to. It’s also the most popular.

Concerning what foods to eat and avoid, you can follow the guidelines of any of the diets listed above. 

How It Affects Your Cells and Hormones
When you fast, several things happen in your body on the cellular and molecular level.

For example, your body adjusts hormone levels to make stored body fat more accessible.

Your cells also initiate important repair processes and change the expression of genes and initiate important cellular repair processes.

Here are some changes that occur in your body when you fast:

Human Growth Hormone (HGH): The levels of growth hormone skyrocket, increasing as much as 5-fold. This has benefits for fat loss and muscle gain, to name a few.

Insulin: Insulin sensitivity improves and levels of insulin drop dramatically. Lower insulin levels make stored body fat more accessible. In addition to lowering insulin and increasing growth hormone levels, it increases the release of the fat burning hormone norepinephrine (noradrenaline).

Cellular repair: When fasted, your cells initiate cellular repair processes. This includes autophagy, where cells digest and remove old and dysfunctional proteins that build up inside cells.

Gene expression: There are changes in the function of genes related to longevity and protection against disease.

These changes in hormone levels, cell function and gene expression are responsible for the health benefits of intermittent fasting.

However, if your'e diabetic, intermittent fasting may be problematic by causing blood glucose highs and lows leading to unstable blood glucose levels.

If you decide to try intermittent fasting, make sure that you test your blood glucose more frequently to prevent hypoglycemic episodes.

Safety and Side Effects
Hunger is the main side effect of intermittent fasting.

You may also feel weak and your brain may not perform as well as you're used to. This may only be temporary, as it can take some time for your body to adapt to the new meal schedule.

If you have a medical condition, you should consult with your doctor before trying intermittent fasting. This is particularly important if you:

  • Have diabetes.
  • Have problems with blood sugar regulation.
  • Have low blood pressure.
  • Take medications.
  • Are underweight.
  • Have a history of eating disorders.
  • Are a woman who is trying to conceive.
  • Are a woman with a history of amenorrhea (an abnormal absence of menstruation)
  • Are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Similarities Between the Diets

Each of these diets can be effective for promoting weight loss if that is one of your health goals.

Because each diet limits carb intake and encourages whole food consumption and avoidance of proceeded foods, you’re going to be able to achieve weight loss with each one naturally.

In addition, simply avoiding processed foods can make you much healthier overall. This is why each of these diets is recommended for individuals who are looking to lose weight successfully and long-term.

However, if your goal is to do more than lose weight (i.e. reverse your diabetes), then, you need a more comprehensive and flexible program such as the DTD program.

High-Fat Consumption
While the Paleo Diet might not necessarily be classified as a high-fat diet, each of these diets does encourage more fat intake than the standard American diet. Furthermore, each diet emphasizes the importance of consuming healthy fats.

Most notably, high-fat diets have been shown to be beneficial for lowering triglycerides levels and boosting concentrations of HDL (good) cholesterol.

Along with this, these diets have also shown to be effective at lowering the risk of heart disease compared to high carbohydrate diets. This is primarily a result of each diet promoting the consumption of healthy fats and prohibiting unhealthy fat and processed food consumption, both of which are linked to heart disease and high cholesterol levels.

Macronutrient Percentages
Here is a breakdown of the (average) percentages of carbohydrates, proteins and fats for each of the diets. Of course, these numbers can be adjusted based on how you respond to specific foods.

Standard diet:
45-60% carbohydrates (225-325g/day)
20-35% fat
10-35% protein

Paleo diet:
22-40% carbohydrates (110-200g/day)
28-47% fat
19-35% protein

AIP diet:
20% carbohydrates (100g/day)
40% fat
30% protein

Pseudo-ketogenic diet:
7-10% carbohydrates (30-50g/day)
40-65% fat
20-30% protein

Keto diet:
5% carbohydrates (20-30g/day)
70-80% fat
15-25% protein

LCHF diet:
10-20% carbohydrates (30-90g/day)
50-65% fat
15-25% protein

DTD diet:
30-40% carbohydrates (150-200g/day)
35-40% fat
20-30% protein

As you can see from the percentages, the Keto diet contains far fewer carbs than the Paleo, LCHF, DTD, and standard diets; and, the majority of your daily caloric intake will be from fatty foods.

Please Note 1: These macronutrientpercentages are averages that should only be used as a guideline! Make the necessary modifications, based on your blood glucose readings and other factors.

Please Note 2: Although they are not listed here, there are other diets that also help to lower your blood sugar as well as lose weight, e.g. Mediterranean, Raw, Vegetarian, Zone, etc.

Differences Between the Diets

While you’re going to need to significantly limit carbohydrate consumption on the Keto diet in order to put your body in a state of ketosis, the DTD, Paleo and LCHF diets are not as restrictive when it comes to carbohydrate consumption.

With the Paleo Diet, you are encouraged to eat fewer carbohydrates because of its restriction on processed foods. However, it is not necessarily a low carbohydrate diet by design.

After all, you are encouraged to consume fruits and vegetables in abundance as they are both staples of the diet. The key here is to limit carbohydrate intake as far as processed foods are concerned.

On the other hand, the DTD diet encourages you to limit the number of carbohydrates based on blood glucose testing versus a strict limit to achieve a metabolic state of ketosis.

Similarly, the LCHF diet encourages you to limit the number of carbohydrates, but it's based on the way you feel versus blood glucose readings or a strict limit to achieve a metabolic state of ketosis.

Lifestyle Change
The Keto diet is largely a diet designed to end at some point whereas the DTD, Paleo and LCHF diets are designed to be more complete lifestyle changes.

While the DTD, LCHF and Paleo diets are somewhat restrictive, you lose more complete categories of food with the Keto diet, which can lead to vitamin/mineral deficiencies.

With the Keto diet, you are prohibited from consuming starchy vegetables, grains, legumes, high sugar fruit, and sweets.

With the IF diet, there are no food restrictions. However, you should avoid high glycemic carbs because they will cause blood glucose spikes and cravings on this diet, making it difficult to fast.

Similar to the DTD, Paleo and LCHF diets, you’re prohibited from consuming some dairy, grains, and sugars. 

In contrast, with the Paleo diet, you’re prohibited from consuming dairy, grains, legumes, and sugars. Thus, you are still able to consume high sugar fruit in your daily diet.

Metabolic State
As mentioned above, one of the significant differences between these diets is the way that the body is intended to function on each diet.

With the Keto diet, you are completely changing your metabolic state to allow for it to be fueled off of ketones instead of glucose.

With the DTD, Paleo and LCHF diets, you are sustaining a metabolic state where your brain is fueled by carbohydrates. Because of this, you need to continue to consume carbohydrates for proper and optimal brain and bodily function. 

With the Intermittent Fasting (IF) diet, you are trying to improve your metabolic rate by using an eating pattern that cycles between periods of fasting and eating. 

With the DTD and LCHF diets, you are able to control your blood glucose without the need for drugs. 

With the Keto and LCHF diet, you are also able to control your blood glucose without the need for drugs -- but, not for the long term. 

With the IF diet, you may be able to control your blood glucose without the need for drugs, but, not for the long term.

Over the long term, Keto, LCHF, Paleo and IF diets do not address the root causes and the biological, biochemical and hormonal processes that fuel Type 2 diabetes.

Due to the flexibility and customization of the DTD Diet, it can be transformed to the Keto or LCHF Diet by simply lowering the amount of carbs and increasing the healthy fats. However, if you do that, we strongly recommend that you increase your blood glucose testing to avoid a possible hypoglycemic episode. 

The DTD Diet is part of an overall diabetes wellness program that addresses more than just your diet. This is necessary in order to support cell repair and reversing of your diabetes. For more details, refer to the Science Behind the DTD Program web page.

The Keto, LCHF and Paleo diets do not take into account that there is more to managing and reversing Type 2 diabetes than just the diet and lowering your blood sugar!

Based on several studies, it appears that the Keto and LCHF diets may expose some possible health risks, especially to diabetics dealing with long-term diabetic complications and other health issues such as kidney disease, DVT and skin ulcers. 

In addition, with the DTD diet, you are able to transform your body's biochemistry from a diabetic state to a non-diabetic state where you no longer require drugs to control your blood glucose and are able to eat some high glycemic foods without spiking your blood glucose levels. 

Other Problems with These Diets

Recently, Mr. McCulley gave a presentation to a group of doctors, naturopathics, researchers and nutritional scientists/biologists about some of today's more popular diets, e.g. Keto, LCHF, Paleo, AIP, IF, DTD, etc. and how these diets affect us at the cellular level.

Most of these diets have proven to lower blood glucose levels and promote weight loss in the short term. So, on the surface, it appears that these diets are working because people are losing weight and reducing their blood glucose levels. (Yay!)

But, when Mr. McCulley and several other scientists took a look at what was really happening at the cellular level, they were surprised! (Well, Mr. McCulley wasn't) ... :-)

These diets lower blood glucose levels, but (for the long term), they don't address the biological root causes and processes that actually fuel Type 2 diabetes.

In addition, these diets may cause vitamin/mineral deficiencies, e.g. Vitamin B12, Vitamin D, magnesium, potassium, etc.

To further complicate matters, these diets don't address some of the other health issues and diabetic complications associated with Type 2 diabetes, e.g. neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy, high blood pressure, skin bruises, leg ulcers, immune system dysfunction, Alzheimer's, etc.

Some of the other doctors and diet experts were upset with Mr. McCulley because they were embarrassed to admit that didn't really understand disease pathology, pathogenesis, and cell biology and how they applied to Type 2 diabetes and their diets!

And, some of them were not aware of the possible vitamin and mineral deficiencies that Type 2 diabetes may cause; let alone, the possible vitamin and mineral deficiencies that one of these diets may cause!  

They were primarily focused on the initial results of lower blood sugar and weight loss and didn't really care about the long term effects!

Consequently, the biochemistry of the person's body remains in a diabetic state! And, this, of course, eventually leads to long-term diabetic complications! 

Some of the doctors and experts also told Mr. McCulley that people are happy to lower their blood sugar and lose weight; and, that he should not take that joy away from them. They said that the average person doesn't really care about the science and that he's wasting his time explaining this to the public. 

However, we believe that people should be able to make informed decisions by doing more in-depth research about these diets to fully understand what they do vs. not do.

Don't believe the hype!  And, don't assume that "everything is fine" just because you lost a few pounds!

The Common Mistakes Made With These Diets

There are several common mistakes that people make with these diets.

Not eating enough vegetables and healthy fats. When you don't eat green vegetables, this deprives your body of key micronutrients such as calcium, potassium, magnesium, and especially chlorophyll.

Make sure that you eat more green, leafy vegetables such as spinach, kale, and Romaine lettuce -- which are low-carb vegetables.

In addition, make sure that you eat more healthy fats such as extra virgin olive oil, extra virgin coconut oil, extra virgin avocado oil, grass-fed raw butter, ghee, and MCT oil.

The combination of eating green, leafy vegetables and more healthy fats will help to lower your insulin levels, lower and stabilize your blood glucose levels and increase weight loss.

Skipping breakfast. This may be the most common of all the mistakes. Many people skip breakfast because they don't have the time or they think that skipping breakfast will keep their blood glucose levels low.

Yes, skipping breakfast (or any meal) will help to lower your blood glucose, but, eventually, you'll have to eat -- and, because you put your body into starvation mode, this may destabilize your blood glucose and trigger fat storage, which will make your diabetes even worse in the long run!

Also, lowering your blood glucose this way is only temporary. More importantly, when you skip breakfast, you rob your body of the key nutrients that it needs to fight your diabetes!

Think of Type 2 diabetes as a disease of cellular starvation. If your cells lack the key nutrients that they need, they can't successfully fight your diabetes. Now, you can see how not eating can become problematic.

Eating cereal or oatmeal for breakfast. These foods actually fuel your diabetes! It appears that many diabetics eat what they believe are healthy foods, but, it turns out that these foods actually fuel their diabetes!

Examples of foods that have been marketed as healthy but are not include oatmeal, cereal, cow's milk, granola bars, low-fat yogurt, bottled water, orange juice, etc. For additional examples, visit our So-Called Healthy Foods web page.

Focusing too much on weight loss. Trying to lose weight and focusing on counting calories may work in the short term, but, at the end of the day, you're still diabetic!

Stop checking your weight every morning! Why? Because it may be misleading, leading to frustration.

For example, if you notice that you lost 3 pounds in the morning, you feel happy. but, when you get home, you notice that you gained the 3 pounds back plus another pound! Now, you're angry or frustrated.

Instead, focus on getting healthy by eating foods that will make your cells healthy, e.g. green vegetables, plant oils, grass-fed eggs, extra virgin coconut oil, etc.

Making too many changes at once. Start slow with the Super Breakfast -- don't change everything all at once!

Changing habits is hard work, and requires discipline in the beginning stages. If you attempt to tackle two or more at once (i.e. eating and working out) your long-term success rate is likely to decrease. Give all of your attention to changing one habit at a time, and when it begins to feel natural, you can move on to the next one.

Not having healthy foods available in the house. You get healthy at the grocery store. Shopping healthy takes discipline, and time.

Get a deep freezer so that you can store frozen vegetables and other foods so that you will always have healthy foods available. 

Also, don’t buy any junk food, sweets or fast food!

Eating too much unhealthy fat. Some people rely on quick packaged and processed options. If this is the case, you might be eating a lot of oils that aren’t the best quality, e.g. canola oil. 

Examples of fats you should absolutely avoid are canola oil, vegetable oils and seed oils. Most of the time, these are processed and going to cause you a lot more health problems like increased risk of heart disease, an increase in LDL cholesterol, unwanted weight gain, and increased risk of cancer.

Not eating enough food or feeling hungry. Eat! Eat more frequently but make sure that you are eating only healthy foods.

Avoid the unhealthy foods like the plague! If you stray and eat some processed foods, this may trigger a craving, aheadache or a blood glucose spike.

If you feel hungry after eating a healthy meal, add more fat. For example, add a tablespoon of raw butter or raw cheese on top of your steamed vegetables -- this will trigger a feeling of fullness and you'll love the flavor that the butter or cheese gives to your vegetables. :-)

Not meal planning. This is easily one of the biggest mistakes that people make. The ones that don’t meal plan end up with blood glucose spikes and don't know why.

Yes, meal planning takes a bit of time and preparation -- that's why we developed so many different meal planning charts and tables -- to help get you organized and to make meal planning a lot easier and less time-consuming.

Meal planning will not only save you a bunch of headaches and frustration, it’s a great way to save money as well.

When you meal plan, you know exactly what you’re going to put into your body on any given day. That means you can make the right adjustments and understand what tweaks you might need to make to your diet or exercise regimen.

Not adjusting your macronutrient percentages. This is another common mistake that we see. Because everyone responds differently to different foods and because everyone has different health needs, you will need to adjust your macronutrient percentages after you start the program.

In most cases, you will probably have to increase your fats and decrease your protein and/or carb percentages. That will help toreduce your insulin levels, prevent fat storage and lower your blood glucose levels.

Not keeping a journal. There is a tremendous benefit to tracking what you eat plus your blood glucose readings, how long you exercise, how you feel, etc.

Even if you don't see the benefit, if you decide to get some health coaching from us (or anyone for that matter), having this information would be invaluable to the health coach in understanding what you may be struggling with.

If you don’t track, then, you probably won’t remember what you ate yesterday. And then you can’t really learn from it unless you kept records of your food, testing and activities.

Not dealing with stress. Unfortunately, there are many sources of high stress, which can spike your blood glucose or cortisol levels.

Examples include work, family, bills/debt, and not getting enough quality sleep.

If you are always under a lot of stress, this will affect how your body performs. Of course, you can't avoid your boss or your family. But, you can use techniques such as meditation, prayer, getting a hobby, joining a support group, etc. to help you deal with the stress in your life.

Or,  if you aren’t getting the sleep you need, then, your body can’t do what it needs to do. It’s important that you give your body time to reset so it can tackle another day.

Lack of sleep can also contribute to you slipping up and eating those dozen donuts as you look for quick energy sources.

Not performing blood glucose testing or not using the data. Most diabetics test their blood glucose to determine how many carbs they can eat or how much insulin they need to take.

Testing your blood glucose is great, but, not using the data to determine how to reverse your diabetes is a major mistake!

Not exercising. Some diabetics either don't exercise or they exercise incorrectly or at the wrong time of day. Also, most diabetics eat the wrong foods before or after exercising -- by eating the right foods, you can multiply the benefit of exercising!

Ignoring the food addiction. Some diabetics fail to realize that their bodies are biochemically addicted to the processed foods and fast foods.

Why is this important to know? Because most of us beat ourselves up when we fall off the wagon because we blame ourselves. It's not you -- it's not your lack of will power -- it's the chemicals in the food and in your body!

Denial of the disease and a blind faith in your doctor. Some diabetics are in denial of their diabetes and don't expect that they will have to face amputation, blindness, kidney failure, heart attack or stroke. They refuse to believe the medical statistics and clinical findings that show that all diabetics, assuming they live long enough, will experience one or more of these complications.

Some diabetics have a blind faith and trust in their doctors, so they take the drugs because they believe that their doctors have their best interest at heart.

Conclusion About These Diets

Overall, each of the diets highlighted above has proven to have its own health benefits.

Ultimately, the best diet to choose comes down to your specific health needs and which diet is going to be sustainable and effective for your lifestyle and for the long term.

If you're diabetic, you need a comprehensive diabetes program that will address more than just weight loss and lowering your blood glucose level.

In addition to the weight loss and lower your blood glucose levels, you want a program that will prevent and treat the long-term complications associated with diabetes, e.g. retinopathy, neuropathy, nephropathy, DVT, skin ulcers/bruises, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, chronic inflammation, vitamin/mineral  deficiency, thyroid dysfunction,etc.

Next Steps to Wellness

If you want to reverse or prevent the onset of diabetes, heart disease, and other health problems, obtain one or more of the following author's books, which address diabetes, diabetic complications, high blood pressure, inflammation, oxidation, toxicity, RBC glycation, autoimmune dysfunction,etc.:

Note: For information about diabetes and other diseases, click on the (black) menu or use the search box at the top of this web page.

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