The Major Types of Diabetes

You Need to Understand How Diabetes Works If You Want to Manage It More Effectively or EvenReverse It and Stop the Rot!

Author's Perspective: When I was originally diagnosed as a diabetic, I didn't really know what diabetes was and how it worked in the human body, so this created a lot of internal fear and anxiety. In addition, I was overwhelmed by all of the medical terms and all of the things that I needed to do to manage my diabetes. Although it's been quite a while since I felt like that, I haven't forgotten what it was like. 

Because of that experience, I feel that it is very important to understand the problem -- Type 2 diabetes. I felt that it would be impossible to solve the problem (diabetes) if I didn't understand the problem to begin with!

Please Note: Diabetes is a ferocious disease that will destroy your body.If your goal is to get your Type 2 diabetes under control (stop the rot), or possibly reverse your diabetes, then is critical that you acquire the proper knowledge to understand and learn how this disease works to rot out your body from the inside out.

In addition, it may be just as important to unlearn a lot of myths you believe to be true about diabetes, drugs, and nutrition.

The following is some of that knowledge and information that you need to understand about Type 2 diabetes.

And, once you understand how diabetes rots out your body, it will make it easier to understand how to stop the rot, and reverse the disease.

Diabetes is running at epidemic levels worldwide with 382 million people with diabetes, and, with numbers expected to reach more than 550 million by 2030! (according to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF)).

The top countries include China, India, United States, Russia, Germany, and Brazil; with other countries such as the United Kingdom, Australia, South Africa, and Japan with high rates of diabetes occurrence.

Global Epidemic: Type 2 Diabetes

The prevalence of diabetes in the United States is estimated to be 10.3% which is relatively high. By comparison, diabetes rates are 3.6% in the United Kingdom, 9.2% in Canada, and 5.7% in Australia.

Worldwide, it is estimated that 6.4% of adults are living with diabetes and this figure is predicted to increase to 7.7% by 2030.

The number of diabetic patients is expected to double in Africa, the East Mediterranean region, Middle East and South East Asia according to estimates. While Europe will have an increase of diabetic patients by 20%, North America will see an increase of 50% diabetics, 85% in South and Central America and 75% in the West Pacific region. India has the dubious distinction of being the diabetic capital of the world.

The disease is one of a number of chronic conditions - along with cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases - that are driving many of the top health issues around the world.

Interestingly, for drug-makers, diabetes offers riches, with global sales of diabetes medicines expected to reach $48-$53 billion by 2016, up from $39.2 billion in 2011, according to the research firm IMS Health.

Sadly, diabetes has become a very profitable multi-billion dollar business for the pharmaceutical and healthcare companies.

Leading Causes of Death in the US |  The Top Killer Diseases

The leading diseases that cause death account for almost 75% of all deaths; and, the top 3 diseases account for over 50% of all deaths in the United States. During the past 10 years, the main culprits have remained relatively the same.

Leading Causes of Death in U.S. Bar Chart

Leading Causes of Death in the US Bar Chart

As shown in the bar chart above, the diseases that are the leading causes of death are:
-- Heart Disease
-- Cancer
-- Stroke
-- COPD/Respiratory Diseases
-- Diabetes

Other top diseases include:
-- Influenza/Pneumonia
-- Alzheimer's Disease
-- Kidney Disease

However, medical errors (e.g. surgeries, adverse drug reactions, prescription errors, infections, lab errors, defective medical devices, misdiagnoses, etc.) have become the Number 3 leading cause of death, accounting for at least 250,000 deaths (and, as many as 410,000 deaths) each year!

And, recently, autoimmune diseases have begun to skyrocket, primarily affecting women and young children.

FYI: Every year, about 35 million people visit the hospital (average 4.8 days stay) in the U.S. That's about 96,000 people a day. Every year, about 2.5 million people die in the U.S. (56 million worldwide). In the U.S., that's roughly 6800 people that die each day (153,000 worldwide).

Note: Globally, the top 3 diseases are the same around the world as they are in the United States.

Good News!
Although many of these disease are increasing each year, there are still strategies and activities that we can implement to prevent these diseases and, in some cases, even reverse the effects of these diseases.

The most important thing that you can do right now is to educate yourself about disease and nutrition, and learn why prescription drugs are not the answer, especially long term.

In addition, it is key that you learn how to protect yourself if you should ever end up in the hospital.  Almost 68% of the deaths due to medical errors can be prevented if the hospitals/doctors implement some improved processes and procedures; and, if the public is more aware and takes the necessary precautionary actions.

Unfortunately, most people ignore these numbers because most people don't expect this is going to happen to them (to die in the hospital or after surgery due to a medical error) -- until it does ... but, then, it's too late ... 

So, be proactive and begin to educate yourself and gradually change your diet over time. If you don't like the idea of changing your diet all at once, then, keep some of your favorite foods or comfort foods as part of your diet and make just small changes over time.

By taking it slow, you'll have a better chance of sticking with the diet. Also, the really nice thing about this kind of proactive strategy is that if you should develop one of these diseases, then, it will take you a lot less time to implement the complete diet and go "all in".

Note: For more details about how to avoid medical errors, refer to the Death to Diabetes Blog post "Leading Causes of Death and Medical Errors."   For more details about heart disease, cancer and the other top killer diseases, refer to the blog post "Top Killer Diseases."

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Centers for Disease Control (CDC)

Diabetes, regardless of the type, is a ferocious disease that destroys your cells, tissues and organs. 

There are several forms of diabetes mellitus (DM), but, the 3 major types of diabetes include the following:

Other types of diabetes include: Type 1.5 LADA (latent autoimmune diabetes in adult), Type 3 Diabetes (Alzheimer's Disease), Type 3c Diabetes, MODY (Maturity onset diabetes of the young), Brittle, Double, and Steroid-induced (incl. CFRD, Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes).

Note 1: Type 3 diabetes is actually Alzheimer's Disease, which results from chronic inflammation and plaque formation in the brain.

Note 2: Pancreatitis is leading to a misdiagnosis in about 3% of Type 2 diabetics who actually have Type 3c diabetes. Type 3c diabetes, also known as pancreatogenic diabetes, develops when the pancreas becomes inflamed, or part of it is removed and eventually stops producing insulin.

Symptoms of Diabetes 

The major symptoms associated with diabetes include:
-- frequent urination
-- blurred vision
-- fatigue
-- increased hunger and thirst
-- numbness or tingling in the hands and feet
-- sores that do not heal
-- unexplained weight loss

However, please keep in mind that some people with Type 2 diabetes may not exhibit any symptoms.

Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease where the body's immune system destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. This type of diabetes, also known as juvenile-onset diabetes, accounts for 10-15% of all people with the disease.

It can appear at any age, although commonly under 40, and is triggered by environmental factors such as viruses, diet or chemicals in people genetically predisposed. People with type 1 diabetes must inject themselves with insulin several times a day and follow a careful diet and exercise plan.

For more details, refer to the Type 1 Diabetes web page.

Note: A new form of Type 1 diabetes called Type 1.5 diabetes has been on the increase in recent years, especially with women. This new form of Type 1 diabetes is also called Latent Autoimmune Diabetes of Adults (LADA).

Type 2 diabetes (previously known as non-insulin dependent diabetes) is the most common form of diabetes, affecting 85-90% of all people with the disease.

This type of diabetes, also known as late-onset diabetes, is a biochemical, metabolic disease that is characterized by insulin resistance and chronic inflammation.

This disease is strongly driven by lifestyle factors such as poor diet, excess weight, inactivity, and high blood pressure.

Type 2 Diabetes Pathogenesis

In very simple terms, diabetes is a rotting disease that destroys your cells and tissues. If you don't believe it, just take a look at the photos (below).

Symptoms may not show up for many years, but, that doesn't mean the disease isn't causing major damage to your cells and tissues.

For more details, refer to the Type 2 Diabetes web page.

Note: If you were recently diagnosed and are confused concerning what to do, read our web page about What to Do After Initial Diagnosis:

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), or carbohydrate intolerance, is first diagnosed during pregnancy through an oral glucose tolerance test. Between 5.5 and 8.8% of pregnant women develop GDM in the top countries with diabetes.

Risk factors for GDM include a family history of diabetes, increasing maternal age, obesity and being a member of a community or ethnic group with a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

While the carbohydrate intolerance usually returns to normal after the birth, the mother has a significant risk of developing permanent diabetes.

In addition, the baby may be more likely to develop obesity and impaired glucose tolerance and/or diabetes later in life.

Self-care and dietary changes are essential in treatment to prevent this from happening.

Unfortunately, most endocrinologists prescribe metformin or insulin to treat gestational diabetes. Diet and exercise are better options for the mother and the baby -- period. For more details about gestational diabetes, refer to the Reverse Gestational Diabetes web page.

Metformin and/or insulin injections can alter the body's biochemistry and lead to full-blown diabetes -- it can also affect the baby later on. Of course, most endocrinologists will deny this.

Please keep in mind that if you are able to control your blood glucose with diet and exercise, studies show that eventually you will still require diabetic drugs such as metformin. And, after that, eventually, you will require insulin. And, your endocrinologist will have accomplished his/her goal -- to make you a lifetime customer of diabetic drugs.

However, you can prevent any of this from happening. What your endocrinologist doesn't want you to know is that controlling your diabetes with diet and exercise is a ticking time bomb. He or she knows that it's just a matter of time.

Here's what they're not telling you (and other diabetics): Controlling your diabetes with diet and exercise is great in the short term. But, at the end of the day, you are still diabetic.

Actually, you want to do more than just control your blood sugar. High blood sugar is a symptom of being diabetic. Controlling the symptom doesn't get rid of the disease! You want to get rid of what is causing your diabetes, e.g. chronic inflammation, excess oxidative stress, toxicity, protein glycation, etc.

Mr. McCulley (the engineer and author of Death to Diabetes) discovered this when he was diabetic. In fact, his endocrinologist told him that he would be back on insulin within 3 months. Well, it's been more than 15 years now and the endocrinologist is still waiting:

Actually, the endocrinologist was very upset with Mr. McCulley when he figured out what most diabetics don't know. Being an engineer, he understands the importance of finding the root cause in order to solve a problem permanently.

Concerning prenatal vitamins, in theory, it's a great idea. But, in actual practice, it doesn't really help. Why? Because most prenatal vitamins (along with other vitamins) are synthetic! Mr. McCulley, who happens to be a biochemist, figured this out back when he was still diabetic.

For more details about gestational diabetes, refer to our Reverse Gestational Diabetes web page.

For more details about vitamins and supplements, refer to Chapter 8 of the Death to Diabetes book and the Supplements web page.

Based on the latest statistics, 67.1% of people with pre-diabetes develop full-blown diabetes, usually within 7 to 9 years of the original diagnosis.

Why are such a large percentage of pre-diabetics becoming diabetic? The easy answer is that most people fail to make the proper nutritional and lifestyle changes to avert the development of the full-blown diabetes.

From a cellular biological perspective, if you understood the previous discussion above about Type 2 diabetes (at the cellular level), then, you understand that pre-diabetes is actually the 1st or 2nd stage of the pathogenesis (cellular development) of Type 2 diabetes!

Question: From a medical science perspective, is prediabetes a misunderstanding or a lie?

Note: For more information about prediabetes, refer to the Prediabetes web page.

Type 3 Diabetes (Alzheimer's Disease)

Type 3 diabetes (also known as Alzheimer's disease) is a type of progressive dementia that affects more than 7 million Americans, and those rates are projected to increase dramatically over the next several years.

Type 2 diabetes affects the heart, kidneys, eyes and feet whereas Type 3 diabetes only affects the brain.

Type 3 Diabetes -- Alzheimer's Disease

Type 2 diabetes is a progressive disease that spreads to causes damage to multiple areas of the body. Type 3 diabetes is also a progressive disease that spreads to cause damage to multiple areas of the brain.

Consequential, there appears to be a link between diabetes and Alzheimer's disease that researchers are currently exploring. There have been several studies that have connected the two diseases together. As a result, many researchers have begun to call Alzheimer's disease "Type 3 diabetes."

Although a small amount of research found an increased risk of dementia with Type 1 diabetes, the vast majority of studies have concluded that this link between diabetes and Alzheimer's is specific to Type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is primarily due to insulin resistance which develops when insulin becomes less efficient at processing glucose through the bloodstream. Studies show that approximately half of people with Type 2 diabetes will go on to develop Alzheimer's disease. With such a strong connection, the focus of some research studies is to explain the connection between the two disease.

The best way to combat Alzheimer’s, or Type 3 diabetes, may be to find a diabetes program that helps to reduce insulin resistance and restore insulin sensitivity (such as the Death to Diabetes Wellness Program and the DTD Nutritional Program).

Because there are few symptoms of insulin resistance (fatigue, belly fat, high blood pressure), you may not realize you have insulin resistance or Type 3 diabetes!

Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is one of the many types of neurodegenerative and neurological diseases, which includes diseases such as Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS),  Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson's, and Autism spectrum disorder.

Alzheimer's Disease (Type 3 diabetes), is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that causes damage to the brain and is the most common form of mental decline, or dementia, in older adults. The damage to the brain eventually causes problems with memory, intelligence, judgment, language, and behavior.

Alzheimer's Disease (Type 3 diabetes) does not affect all memory capacities equally: short-term memory (the ability of hold information in mind in an active, readily-available state for a short period of time) is the first to go when Alzheimer's attacks the hippocampus.

Next Alzheimer's attacks the front of the brain which controls logical thought causing the loss of episodic memory (memory of autobiographical events); then, semantic memory (memory of the meanings of words and facts about the world); and, then, procedural memory (how to perform tasks and skills such as how to bake a cake).

As the disease advances, parts of memory which were previously intact also become impaired, and eventually all reasoning, attention, and language abilities are disrupted.

Next Alzheimer's attacks the regions of the brain that control your emotions causing erratic behavior and mood changes; and, later,  
paranoia and hallucinations.

Then, Alzheimer's attacks the rear of the brain to erase your deepest memories; and, finally,  the control centers in the brain that govern heart rate and breathing (which can lead to death). 

The earliest recognized symptoms of Alzheimer's Disease are often mild memory loss -- for example, a sufferer may begin to forget recent conversations or what year it is. There may be some disorientation (e.g. getting lost in familiar surroundings), problems with routine tasks (like using the stove), and changes in personality and judgment.

As the disease progresses, patients begin to have difficulty with the activities of daily living, and may require help feeding and bathing. There may be anxiety (suspiciousness and agitation), sleep disturbance, wandering and pacing, difficulty recognizing family and friends.

In the most advanced stages of the disease, patients suffer loss of the ability to speak, weight loss, lack of appetite, and loss of bowel and bladder control. By this point, patients require round-the-clock caregiving.

While AD itself is not directly fatal, it may leave patients vulnerable to infections and other diseases such as pneumonia, which may become the ultimate cause of death. Often, patients with the disease suffer increasing debilitation over a period of about 4-8 years, but an otherwise healthy individual can survive for decades.

Over a period of years, Type 2 diabetes (along with other forms of diabetes) gradually rots out the insides of your body, causing cellular and tissue damage, which leads to major diabetic complications, including:

  • Retinopathy (eye disease)
  • Neuropathy (nerve disease)
  • Nephropathy (kidney disease)
  • Heart Disease (cardiovascular disease)
  • Alzheimer's (brain damage)

And, these diabetic complications lead to the following major health problems:

  • Blindness, Cataracts
  • Leg Ulcers, Gangrene, Lower Leg Amputation
  • Kidney Failure, Dialysis
  • Heart Attack, Stroke, ED
  • Dementia, brain damage

More importantly, don't forget what diabetes takes away from you on a daily basis. Think about all of the little things that are affected by your diabetes and taken from you because of this disease.

Kidney Failure
Heart Attack or Stroke
Diabetic Coma

Please Note: The diabetic medications that you're taking may lower your blood sugar, but, the medications are not powerful enough to stop the progression of your diabetes and the internal rotting. 

Next Steps to Reverse Your Diabetes

If you're ready to begin controlling and reversing your diabetes naturally, then, get the ex-diabetic engineer's reverse diabetesbook Death to Diabetes.

In the meantime, make sure that you see your doctor regularly and get at least an annual physical exam. For more details about doctor visits and specific blood tests, refer to our Doctor Visits & Exams and Critical Blood Tests web pages.

FYI: If you are a health coach, then, also, get the Health Coaching bookScience of Diabetes book and/or the Health Coaching Program.

Amazon & Facebook Ratings for Death to Diabetes

The Death to Diabetes Story

Google Ad





Google Ad

 Disclaimer: This site does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Copyright © 2018. Death to Diabetes, LLC. All rights reserved.